4A Video Survival Building a Fire


Fire. For more than
a million years, it has provided humans with
warmth, light, and protection. But it’s easy to forget
how useful fire is, until you don’t have it. Consider this: What if you were lost
in the desert or jungle? Could you start a fire? This is a bow drill. It is a simple,
ancient tool used to start fires. Today, Boyd Matson
is learning to start a fire. But as Boyd
soon realizes, the process of starting
a fire is not easy. He needs someone
to teach him how to do it. Tim McQuay and Rick Hugh Houston
are survival guides. Where there’s smoke,
hopefully there will soon be fire. These are the guys
I’ve been looking for, Tim and Hugh. Can you teach a novice
how to do this? Absolutely.
It just takes some time, a little bit of practice,
and the right materials. To make the drill
and the board that goes under it, they need to find wood
that is not too soft or too hard. Okay, this is a sycamore tree,
and this is a medium hardwood. We can use this as wood
for drills and boards. They also need some
dry wood to use as fuel. Next, Tim teaches Boyd
how to use the drill. The string tied to the bow drill
needs to be really tight. And in less than 10 minutes,
they have made fire. Hay ay ay! Well, sort of. That’s just the first
part of Boyd’s lesson. Now he has to prove that
he can do it on his own. The experts only provide
Boyd with two things – a knife,
and a piece of string. Everything else has
to come from the forest. He has one hour
to make a fire. Once Boyd
has enough wood, he begins to build
his fireboard, and his drill. He ties the string
to a long piece of wood, and bends it
to make his bow. Now he needs to put together
other types of wood, as fuel for his fire. I’ve got my firebox that I’ve made
with my little hole in it, my drill, my block that goes
on top of the drill, my bow. Now all I’ve got to do
is make fire. Let’s see. So frustrating! Turning the drill
makes the wood hot. When the wood
is very hot, Boyd must blow on it,
to start the fire. Making a fire is hard work.
And it takes Boyd a long time. Not one, not two,
but almost 3 hours. It’s about to go out. Boyd blows on the dry wood
some more. Finally, there’s smoke
coming from the wood, Boyd’s managed
to start a fire. Well done, sir. Thank you, guys. Congratulations. Boyd may not have achieved
his goal of starting a fire in an hour. But he has learned
an important new skill that may help him stay alive
in a survival situation. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

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